CONIFER TOUR INTRODUCTION
CONIFER IN VIETNAM
Indo-China is a hot-spot for conifer diversity, 33 species of conifer are recognised as indigenous to Vietnam.
• In recent years, the Vietnamese coniferous flora has been expanded by a number of new
records for the country together with discoveries of a number of new species for
• The biogeography of the Vietnamese coniferous fauna is characterised by three distinct
elements: ancient relictual taxa in the climatic refugia of the country’s mountainous
areas; endemic species, representing approximately one quarter of the flora; and
tropical podocarps, with their origins in the southern hemisphere.
• Conifers in Vietnam are distributed in four main, upland, areas: the north-west; the Hoang Lien Mountains; limestone mountains of north and north-east Vietnam; and the Central Highlands .